Ottawa is the capital city of Canada. Located on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the southern portion of the province of Ontario, Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec, and forms the core of the Ottawa–Gatineau census metropolitan area (CMA) and the National Capital Region (NCR). As of 2021, Ottawa had a city population of 1,017,449 and a metropolitan population of 1,488,307, making it the fourth-largest city and fourth-largest metropolitan area in Canada.
Founded in 1826 as Bytown, and incorporated as Ottawa in 1855, the city has evolved into the political centre of Canada. The federal government is the largest employer in the region, having a strong presence in the local economic makeup. Its original boundaries were expanded through numerous annexations and were ultimately replaced by new city incorporation and amalgamation in 2001 which significantly increased its land area. The municipal government is established and governed by the City of Ottawa Act of the Government of Ontario and has an elected city council across 23 wards and a mayor elected city-wide.
Ottawa has the most educated population among Canadian cities and is home to a number of colleges and universities, research and cultural institutions, including the University of Ottawa, Carleton University, the National Arts Centre, the National Gallery of Canada; and numerous national museums and historic sites.
Ottawa view from Jacques Cartier Park in Hull (Gatineau)
Rideau Hall (officially Government House) is the official residence in Ottawa of both the Canadian monarch and his or her representative, the governor-general of Canada. It stands in Canada's capital.
Governor General's Foot Guards at Rideau Hall
The Governor General's Foot Guards (GGFG) is the senior reserve infantry regiment in the Canadian Army. Located in Ottawa at the Cartier Square Drill Hall, the regiment is a Primary Reserve infantry unit: the members are part-time soldiers.
The GGFG are infantry reserve soldiers who train part-time and full-time for domestic operations and international missions. This involves training for domestic operations where the unit deployed members to help during a natural disaster or public emergency, such as during the 1998 Ice Storm, flooding in 2017 and 2019, and during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. It also involves training for international operations and supports to the Regular Force on operations in countries such as Afghanistan, Sudan, Iraq, Jordan, Egypt, Latvia, and Ukraine, where troops from the regiment have deployed in recent years.
Members of the GGFG train part-time between September and June, usually Tuesday evenings and one weekend a month. Between May and August, members can be employed full-time in various roles such as students or instructors on training courses, taking part in tasks such as the Ceremonial Guard, and attending field exercises.
The regiment also runs supplementary training programs such as the marksmanship program to improve shooting skills and the leadership development training program to prepare soldiers to attend leadership courses. Additionally, the regiment runs sports and fitness programs. The GGFGs are affiliated with the 1st Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment (1 RCR), for reserve integration training.
The GGFG perpetuates the 2nd Canadian Battalion (Eastern Ontario Regiment), CEF, and 77th Battalion (Ottawa), CEF, from the First World War.
Canadian War Museum
Ottawa Police Motorcycles at the Canadian War Museum Parking