Ottawa Military Memorial


Panoramic view of Confederation Square looking north
 with the National War Memorial at its centre
Author: Tomkinsr
GNU Free Documentation License

Ottawa War Memorial
GNU Free Documentation License

The National War Memorial (FrenchMonument commémoratif de guerre du Canada), titled The Response (FrenchLa Réponse), is a tall, granite memorial arch with accreted bronze sculptures in OttawaOntario, Canada, designed by Vernon March and the first dedicated by King George VI in 1939. Originally built to commemorate the Canadians who died in the First World War, it was in 1982 rededicated to also include those killed in the Second World War and Korean War and again in 2014 to add the dead from the Second Boer War and War in Afghanistan, as well as all Canadians killed in all conflicts past and future. It now serves as the pre-eminent war memorial of 76 cenotaphs in Canada. In 2000, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was added in front of the memorial and symbolizes the sacrifices made by all Canadians who have died or may yet die for their country.

Le Monument commémoratif de guerre du Canada, aussi connu sous le nom de La Réponse, est un grand cénotaphe de granite situé place de la Confédération (Confederation square) à Ottawa. Il est le mémorial de guerre national du Canada.

Originellement construit pour commémorer la Première Guerre mondiale, on y a aussi inscrit les dates 1939-1945 en 1982 pour commémorer la Deuxième Guerre mondiale ainsi que les dates 1950-1953 pour commémorer la guerre de Corée. De plus, ce monument célèbre les soldats décédés au cours des autres guerres ainsi que lors de missions de paix au sein des casques bleus. La tombe du Soldat inconnu a été ajoutée au mémorial en l'an 2000.

The tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the National War Memorial

La Tombe du Soldat inconnu au Monument Commémoratif de Guerre du Canada

Author: Leafsfan67

Canadian war memorials are buildings, monuments, and statues that commemorate the armed actions in the territory encompassing modern Canada, the role of the Canadian military in conflicts and peacekeeping operations, and Canadians who died or were injured in a war. Much of this military history of Canada is commemorated today with memorials across the country and around the world. Canadian memorials commemorate the sacrifices made as early as the Seven Years' War to the modern-day War on Terror. As Newfoundland was a British Dominion until joining Confederation in 1949, there are several monuments in Newfoundland and Labrador and abroad which were dedicated to Newfoundland servicemen and women.

There are currently 6,293 war memorials in Canada registered with the National Inventory of Military Memorials, which is under the Canadian Department of Veterans Affairs. There are also war memorials across the world, some of which are operated by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, which are dedicated to Canada as well as the Commonwealth members. There currently are 17 in France, six in Belgium, four in the United Kingdom, two in Afghanistan and South Korea, and one each in Egypt, Hong Kong, Italy, Malta, the Netherlands, Singapore, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates.

There are a few examples of memorial art created by Indigenous peoples before the late nineteenth century. One of the best-preserved memorials is in Áísínai’pi, or Writing-on-Stone Provincial Park, in southern Alberta. This UNESCO World Heritage Site houses an extensive series of small-scale petroglyphs incised on the sandstone bluffs of the Milk River, a number of them dating thousands of years ago.


Since 1940, the National War Memorial has been the site of the national Remembrance Day ceremony, organized annually by the Royal Canadian Legion on 11 November. Along with Canadian war veterans, the ceremony is attended by the governor general, sometimes members of the Canadian Royal Family, the prime minister, the Silver Cross Mother, representatives of the Canadian Armed Forces and Royal Canadian Mounted Police, members of the diplomatic corps, and youth representatives. Some of these groups place wreaths at the foot of the war memorial. The event is attended by between 25,000 and 45,000 people and is nationally televised.

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