Satanism is a group of ideological and philosophical beliefs based on Satan, a figure of the devil in Christian belief who is also called Lucifer. Traditionally thought of as the worship or veneration of Satan and the subject of accusations by various Christian groups toward perceived ideological opponents through the centuries, actually self-identified Satanism is recent. The contemporary religious practice of Satanism began with the founding of the atheistic Church of Satan by Anton LaVey in the United States in 1966. Artists and entertainers have also used The concept of Satan for symbolic expression. Sharing "historical connections and family resemblances" and sometimes overlapping with Satanism is paganism, ceremonial magic, and "other dark entities such as Set, Lilith, Hecate, and Chaos," from the occult and the ‘Left Hand Path milieu.
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- the worship or veneration of the figure from Christian belief known as Satan, the Devil or Lucifer;
- the “intentional, religiously motivated veneration of Satan” (Religion scholar Ruben van Luijk);
- Ruben van Luijk has also called Satanism an invention of Christianity, relying on a character deriving from Christian mythology, i.e. Satan...